I started my academic career with an interest in global water politics with regional specifications in the Middle East and Southeast Asia. For my first master’s thesis, I explored the impact of the water policies of Turkey and China on the communities and the biodiversity respectively around the Euphrates and the Tigris as well as the Yangtze and the Yellow riverbeds. Working on this subject, I delved more deeply into the questions of environmental history, historiography, and minority politics. These inquiries formed the basis of my second master’s thesis, in which I discussed historiographical implications of the nation building practices around Turkey's large-scale irrigation program known as the Southeastern Anatolia Project. Building on these studies during my doctoral education, I continued to expand my theoretical perspective on religion, empire and nation-state and developed a historical perspective on the implementation of such theories in the context of the Greater Middle East. While working toward my PhD dissertation, I further narrowed my geographical focus and explored historical developments in Dersim (renamed Tunceli in 1935), from the 1877–78 Russo-Turkish War to the Turkish state’s violent transformation of the region in 1937–38.

Currently, I am a postgraduate research associate at Princeton University’s Department of Near Eastern Studies, where I earned my PhD in June 2021. My field of research and teaching is modern Middle Eastern/North African history, with a specialization in the late-nineteenth and early twentieth-century transformations from empires to nation-states and their impact on borderlands and peoples in the peripheries. My scholarship is primarily concerned with the conjunctures as well as contingencies that gave rise to modern state-making policies. In my current work around this topic, I combine a theoretical focus on the processes of state formation and nation building with in-depth knowledge of the histories of ethnic and religious minorities such as the Kurds, Alevis (Kizilbash), and Armenians, among others.

Whereas the dominant narrative in conventional historiography treats World War I as a turning point in world history and a radical rupture with the past, in no small part because of its ramifications for the political landscape of the Middle East, my current research on Dersim, an Alevi Kurdish–majority region in Eastern Anatolia, demonstrates a historical continuity in state formation and nation building that transcended regime changes before, during, and after the war in the late Ottoman Empire and early republican Turkey. Due to its unusual geographic and demographic profile, Dersim toward the end of the nineteenth century became a domain where the Kurdish, Armenian, and Alevi questions came together and clashed with the project of Ottoman and Turkish state formation. These interwoven questions placed foundational limits on the late imperial and early republican state in the realms of ethnicity, religion, and geography, and turned Dersim into a battlefield for Turkish state making. This setting provided an ideal environment for my research on the process of transformation from empire to nation-state as well as the similarities and differences between the two forms of governance.  


2015 - 2021

Princeton University

Department of Near Eastern Studies, PhD

2012 - 2014

New York University

Department of Near Eastern Studies, MA

2010 - 2012

Brooklyn College, CUNY

Department of Political Science, MA

2001 - 2007

Boğaziçi University

Department of Political Science and International Relations, BA

Scholarships & Grants

Dean’s Dissertation Completion Fellowship, Princeton University, 2021.

Dissertation Writing Grant, Department of Near Eastern Studies, Princeton University, 2020.

Research Grant, American Research Institute in Turkey, 2019.

Research Fellowship, The Donald and Mary Hyde Foundation, 2018.

Language and Research Grant, Institute for International and Regional Studies, Princeton University, 2017.

Language and Research Grant, Department of Near Eastern Studies, Princeton University, 2016.

Research Grant for Zaza Language Project organized by Endangered Language Alliance, partially funded by The Sharmin and Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Iran and Persian Gulf Studies, Princeton University, 2016.

Language and Research Grant, Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Iran and Persian Gulf Studies, Princeton University, 2015.